Heat-transfer printing (fix and wash)

Fix and wash printing is where colourants or chemical agents are applied to a textile.  The three techniques which include these stages of fixing by steaming or heating and washing are direct printing, discharge/extract printing and reserve/resist printing.  The fixation and washing of the fabric takes place at one temperature and for a time-period determined by the material in question.  For example, cotton is treated at 120° for 10 minutes.  The washing removes excess colour.  During this process, the colourants penetrate into the fabric and the colour will be long-lasting.


Honeycomb is a three-dimensional raised fabric with cavities that resemble the wax cells of a beehive.  This pattern is obtained by the crossing of the warp and weft in a diamond pattern.

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